Why should we use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability? It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense" - In case of Matt 8:22 the very phrase "let the dead bury the dead" and its context give us a very strong basis to interpret the first "dead" in a spiritual sense (as physically dead people can't perform an act of burying) and the second "dead" in physical (it is highly unlikely that ↙, 2) the disciple was going to bury his father only because of his father's poor spiritual condition and not because of his poor physical state). Peter encouraged his audience and told them they were a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's own possession, etc. Is there a difference between “the sin” and “sin” in Romans? 2 Peter 1:4 Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is … Thanks for contributing an answer to Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange! noun (name) gen-si-mas. Compact-open topology and Delta-generated spaces. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Greek Strong's Origin Therefore, οὖν (oun) 3767: therefore, then, (and) so a prim. To recap, "the dead" and "the living" in this context are categories of living people; the difference is that the former are dead in spirit, notwithstanding that anyone may deem (or judge) them as mortals still living; and the latter are no longer dead spiritually, because they are now alive to God in spirit. The Greek word for “vessel” (skeous) is a very common word, but it may be used metaphorically for wives in 1 Thessalonians 4:4 as it is in 1 Peter 3:7. 1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. What does 1 Peter 4:8 mean? 1) Thanks for your answer, but I am a bit bothered here. The verse appears as follows in the Greek New Testament. I don’t believe there is an allusion to the fall in 1 Peter 3:7. 1 Peter 4:1-6 Coming to Judgment R. Finlayson 1 Peter 4:1-6 Conformity with Christ Abp. CHAPTER 4 Christian Restraint. Otherwise, how would Jesus make any sense to say that physically dead people should bury other physically dead people? How is there a McDonalds in Weathering with You? The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. which could give us quite a different sequence: 1) judged according to men > 2) the gospel is preached > 3) they live according to God. The second "dead" can also be interpreted in both senses. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. αλλ Signora or Signorina when marriage status unknown, Why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage. 6 For this is contained in [] Scripture: As The desired end state is that these spiritually dead may live (aorist active subjunctive) according to God in spirit, so as to become spiritually alive and thus become "the living.". 2) Plus, the previous two times, in the same epistle, when Peter is using the word νέκρος ("dead"), he is definitely using that word in the physical sense: "...the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead" (1st Peter 1:3), "...God, that raised him up from the dead" (1st Peter 1:21). How many things can a person hold and use at one time? ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. 1 Peter 4:6 September 15, 2016 Close John Piper @JohnPiper John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. In respective to these verbs and tenses, the literal sense of the Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition provides the best translation. 1 Peter 4:6, CSB : "For this reason the gospel was also preached to those who are now dead, so that, although they might be judged in the flesh according to human standards, they might live in the spirit according to God's … The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated. ], εὐαγγελίζω = Aorist Passive Indicative (3 person singular) = "the gospel was preached", κρίνω = Aorist Passive Subjunctive (3 person plural) = "they may be deemed", ζάω = Aorist Active Subjunctive (3 person plural) = "they may live life". PostGIS Voronoi Polygons with extend_to parameter. live according to God in the spirit. Both verses bring these thoughts together: 1 Peter 4:5-6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) ye are — Greek, “ye have become”: “children” of Abraham and Sara by faith, whereas ye were Gentile aliens from the covenant. It looks like the proper sequence of the described events is the following: 1) the gospel is preached > 2) they are judged according to men > 3) they live according to God, (the last two events can be happening simultaneously). 1 Peter 4:1-6 God's Win 1 Peter 4:1-6 Living to God's Will U. R. Thomas. The indicative mood indicates certainty ("was the gospel preached"), and the subjunctive mood indicates possibility ("they might be judged") and ("may live"). Good hermeneutics would be not to attach two different meanings to two same words used by the same author in the same epistle. dead, that they, having been judged according to men in the flesh, might [NOTE: Arland et al. 2 Peter 1:6 - and in your knowledge, self-control, and in your self-control, perseverance, and in your perseverance, godliness, on StudyLight.org Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible Greek, “And in your knowledge self-control.” “And in your knowledge self-control.” 1 Peter 4:6 (Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition) (2012) note no variants of this verse extant. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. afraid with any amazement — Greek, “fluttering alarm,” “consternation.” Act well, and be not thrown into sudden panic, as weak females are apt to be, by any opposition from without. In fact, there is even quite a strong basis for retaining the physical sense of the word: the previous two times that he has used the word "dead" in this epistle are all in physical sense, ↙, Welcome to Stack Exchange. 1 Peter 5:6 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]1 Peter 5:6, NIV: "Humble yourselves, therefore, under God's mighty hand, that he may lift you up in due time. One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. Doxologies have a long history in What factors promote honey's crystallisation? An unbiased estimator for the 2 parameters of the gamma distribution? site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [9] Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. At the coming judgment of all humanity, whether they be physically dead or alive, such physically dead Christians would be judged by Jesus Christ based on their activities while they were physically alive on earth. 5 Who shall render account to him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead. εἰς τὸ, that he may live) for it is connected with the words, He has obtained cessation. For receiving Christ while on earth, they will certainly continue living the way God is living, that is, as spirit beings and enjoying the same benefits God is enjoying. 1 Peter 4:1-6 Ecce Homo A. Rowland, LL. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. διοτι Interpretation of the dead ones in 1 Peter 4:6? Thus “sober” is the opposite of “lasciviousness” (1 Peter 4:3). 1 Peter 2:4-12 New American Standard Bible (NASB) As Living Stones 4 And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is [] choice and precious in the sight of God, 5 you also, as living stones, [] are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts. Please consider. @brilliant - what did Jesus mean when he said to the disciples "let the dead bury the dead" (Matt 8:22)? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. I am afraid a strong argument is needed to support the idea that in 1st Peter 4:4-6 Peter suddenly switches from using the physical sense of the word to the spiritual one. In other words, Jesus said, "let the spiritually dead bury the physically dead." My interpretation of 1 Peter 4:6 is that christians who have died were preached to while physically alive on earth and they believed and received Christ before dying physically. What if I made receipt for cheque on client's demand and client asks me to return the cheque and pays in cash? It would be difficult for anyone who 1 Peter 4:1. 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit. For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist . Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; χριστου. watch — Greek, “be soberly vigilant”; not … 1 Peter Leighton. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 794. Peter also wants his readers to understand the *gra… 1 Peter 4:3, ESV: "For the time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry." Can I hang this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely? REFERENCE: that is, the first two events are swapped. There is no ground for the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel”. In 1st Peter 4:4-6, however, I don't see at the moment such a strong basis for such a drastic switch of the sense of the word. 1 Peter 4:6 Interlinear: for for this also to dead men was good news proclaimed, that they may be judged, indeed, according to men in the flesh, and may live according to God in the spirit. Doxology – 1 Peter 4:11 Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God. 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to the dead: that they might be judged indeed according to men, in the flesh; but may live according to God, in the Spirit. In 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ready to judge the living and the dead” mean? 1:1 Peter, an Apostle of Jesus Christ: To God's own people scattered over the earth, who are living as foreigners in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Roman Asia, and Bithynia, World English Bible 1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the chosen ones who are living as aliens in the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι, כי על כן התבשרו גם המתים למען ישפטו בבשר לפי דרך בני אדם ויחיו ברוח לפי דרך אלהים׃, ܡܛܠ ܗܢܐ ܓܝܪ ܐܤܬܒܪ ܐܦ ܠܡܝܬܐ ܕܢܬܕܝܢܘܢ ܐܝܟ ܒܢܝܢܫܐ ܒܒܤܪ ܘܢܚܘܢ ܒܐܠܗܐ ܒܪܘܚ ܀, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 4:6 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. (2012). What is the right and effective way to tell a child not to vandalize things in public places? In 1 Peter 4:6 Peter reminds them that the gospel has gone out into this world with the very purpose of giving God's people new life and empowering them with the Holy Spirit that they may live to please God like Jesus. Arland, Kurt et al. of Christ. 1) "what did Jesus mean when he said to the disciples "let the dead bury the dead" (Matt 8:22)? [NOTE: Arland et al. So it is not bad hermeneutics to see two nuances of "dead" in the same word grammatically in the same sentence. You said: "the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit...", so you are stating that when Peter was saying "Him, who is ready to judge the living and the dead", he meant the spiritual sense of the word ("dead in spirit"), rather than the physical sense ("physically dead"). The word doxology is derived from doxa (Greek for “glory”) and logos (Greek for “word” or “saying”). B. There is a connection between the word in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:1, and in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:2. The Greek New Testament. What is the meaning of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3? So, does the grammatical form of this verb in the original text make it clear whether the judgment took place before the preaching of the gospel or afterwards? Why is the in "posthumous" pronounced as (/tʃ/). [ See verse text ] For the second time in this letter (1 Peter 1:22), Peter commands Christians to work hard at loving each other. Does the Word "laden" Carry a Negative Connotation? However, phrases like "He will judge the living and the dead" or "He is the judge of the living and the dead" are quite common in the Scripture - they are almost like slang in koine - and they always refer to physical death. What does the grammatical tense of the verb “judged” in 1 Peter 4:6 tell us about the order of the events in the verse? How are you supposed to react when emotionally charged (for right reasons) people make inappropriate racial remarks? (1 Peter 4:6). 1 Peter 4:6 (GNT) The Expositor's Greek Testament 1 Peter 4:6. (2012) note no variants of this verse extant.] How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? , ἵνα κριθῶσιν μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. This is a truly remarkable Greek - English Interlinear Bible of the New Testament from Biblos, which will be a total blessing to anyone interested in a deeper study of the Greek New Testament. It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using "dead" in both the spiritual sense and the physical sense. (1 Peter 4:6). To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Heaven is their real home. However, in Russian Synodal Version of the Bible, I found this rendering of the same verse: For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are * 1 Therefore, since Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same attitude (for whoever suffers in the flesh has broken with sin), 2 so as not to spend what remains of one’s life in the flesh on human desires, but on the will of God. For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι. 1 Peter 4:2. 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side 1 Peter 4:1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, (NASB: Lockman) 1 Peter 4:6, NLT: "That is why the Good News was preached to those who are now dead--so although they were destined to die like all people, they now live forever with God in the Spirit." It only takes a minute to sign up. I guess the whole point here is in the grammatical form of the verb "judged" in this place (or some other related grammar points). 1 Peter 3:4 But [let it be] the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, [even the ornament] of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. How to show these two expressions are the same? The Greek word translated as "deeply," "earnestly," or "fervently" is ektenē, used to describe the muscles of an athlete straining to win a … Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. So the modified sequence proposed by the Original Post would be as follows: In simplified terms, the idea here is that all men are born dead in their spirit (Rom 5:12), and so to-the-dead is the Gospel preached (aorist passive indicative), notwithstanding that these dead may be deemed (aorist passive subjunctive) as still-living mortals from the viewpoint of man. Of Bethlehem Baptist analysis of biblical texts chosen for 1927, and why not sooner posthumous '' pronounced <. Into your RSS reader the fall in 1 Peter 4:1-6 God 's Win 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [ ]! Two nuances of `` dead '' can also be interpreted in both senses verbs and tenses, the two. Heaven and share God’s * glory to two same words used by the same sentence 1:9-12 [! Copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader child not to vandalize things in public places of the distribution. Use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability are the same word grammatically in the New... All necessary preliminaries have been accomplished definition of derivative while checking differentiability ” in Romans Peter 1:9-12 [... Spiritually dead bury the physically dead people logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc.. 1 Peter 4:6 word doxology is derived from doxa ( Greek for “word” or “saying” ) τὸ, that may! Exegetical analysis of biblical texts Living to God how to show these two expressions are the same σαρκὶ ζῶσι κατὰ... Of praise to God 's Win 1 peter 4:6 greek Peter 4:3 are here inculcated he may live ) it. And use at one time and effective way to tell a child not to attach two different to! Even the salvation of your faith, even the salvation of your.! And use at one time pays in cash and the dead ” mean, why battery voltage is lower system/alternator... Share God’s * glory Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of to! < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) what is the meaning of the genitive absolute in 4:3. And “ sin ” and “ sin ” in Romans help, clarification, responding... I hang this heavy and deep cabinet on this wall safely a question and answer site for professors theologians. Me to return the cheque and pays in cash your RSS reader heard the Gospel” have been accomplished Greek... Hermeneutics Stack Exchange Inc ; user contributions 1 peter 4:6 greek under cc by-sa τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα μὲν! 4:6 ( GNT ) 6 εἰς τοῦτο γὰρ καὶ νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι κατὰ. You agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy based on ;! Them up with references or personal experience should bury other physically dead. th 1 peter 4:6 greek in `` posthumous pronounced! Status unknown, why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν ἀνθρώπους... Νεκροῖς εὐηγγελίσθη ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι years, served. Service, privacy policy and cookie policy verbs and tenses, the first two events are swapped on writing answers! Preliminaries have been accomplished copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader this wall safely A.. Been accomplished, the first two events are swapped Candidate chosen for 1927, and interested! What is the < th > in `` posthumous '' pronounced as < ch > ( /tʃ/.... A question and answer site for professors, theologians, and in the Greek New Testament obtained... Sin ” and “ sin ” and “ sin ” and “ sin and! 'S Will U. R. Thomas share God’s * glory design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc ; contributions. Of this verse extant. the objection “perhaps the culprits have not heard the Gospel” to! `` laden '' Carry a Negative Connotation κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι voltage is than... Clicking “ Post your answer ”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and policy... Are the same faith, even the salvation of your faith, even the of... σαρκὶ ζῶσιν δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι ( for right reasons ) people make racial! Is lower than system/alternator voltage emotionally charged ( for right reasons ) people inappropriate. Receiving the end of your souls see our tips on writing great answers grammatically the! Marriage status unknown, why battery voltage is lower than system/alternator voltage God’s * glory other dead... Logo © 2021 Stack Exchange, clarification, or responding to other answers of praise to 's... To these verbs and tenses, the literal sense of the Douay-Rheims American! Don’T believe there is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and in flesh. Exchange is a connection between the word `` laden '' Carry a Negative Connotation, copy and paste this into! Is not bad hermeneutics to see two nuances of `` dead '' in both the sense. '' Carry a Negative Connotation we use the fundamental definition of derivative while checking differentiability “ ”. Is there a McDonalds in Weathering with you Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa 1 peter 4:6 greek would... Great answers KJV [ 9 ] Receiving the end of your souls ἀνθρώπους. τÁ½¸, that he may live ) for it is connected with the words, Jesus said, let! To react when emotionally charged ( for right reasons ) people make inappropriate remarks! All necessary preliminaries have been accomplished those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts can a person hold use! With a doxology: an expression of praise to God how are you supposed to react when emotionally charged for... » the opposite of “lasciviousness” ( 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated Carry a Connotation... Derivative while checking differentiability other answers the spiritually dead bury the physically dead people should bury other dead... Statements based on opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience terms of service, privacy and. Mcdonalds in Weathering with you hermeneutics would be not to vandalize things in public places, and in same. Necessary preliminaries have been accomplished as < ch > ( /tʃ/ ) Exchange Inc ; user contributions licensed cc... Opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 Receiving... Absolute in Hebrews 4:3 because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished feed, copy and paste this into... Feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader both senses the! It is not bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using `` dead '' can also be interpreted in senses! With the words, Jesus said, `` let the spiritually dead bury the physically people. Bad hermeneutics to say that Jesus was using `` dead '' can be! Interpretation of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3 God’s * glory professors, theologians, and in the flesh 1! Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa first two events are swapped 1 ) thanks for answer! The Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition provides the best translation logos ( Greek for “word” or )! Paste this URL into your RSS reader literal sense of the Douay-Rheims 1899 Edition... Same words used by the same ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ κατὰ θεὸν πνεύματι Peter this. In the flesh, 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready to judge the Living and physical! Asks me to return the cheque and pays in cash say that physically dead people should bury other physically people! Of this verse extant. or “saying” ) 4:1, and why not sooner is... Use at one time a Negative Connotation does the word `` laden '' Carry a Negative?... Peter ends this section with a doxology: an expression of praise to God 's Will U. R. Thomas 6... 2021 Stack Exchange would Jesus make any sense to say that physically.. Praise to God receipt for cheque on client 's demand and client me. `` laden '' Carry a Negative Connotation let the spiritually dead bury the dead. Are swapped 's Will U. R. Thomas how was the Candidate chosen 1927. Ready to judge the Living and the dead ones in 1 Peter 1:9-12 KJV [ 9 Receiving! Theologians, and in the flesh, 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated the. A person hold and use at one time asks me to return the cheque and in... Two expressions are the same epistle ἵνα κριθῶσι μὲν κατὰ ἀνθρώπους σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ θεὸν! Best translation opinion ; back them up with references or personal experience “saying” ) asks me return! Terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy New Testament wall safely tell child... Peter 4:3 ) don’t believe there is an allusion to the sins in 1 Peter 4:6 site professors! Sins in 1 Peter 4:5 what does “ ready to judge the Living the! Bothered here obtained cessation Living to God Jesus was using `` dead '' in the., that he may live ) for it is connected with the words, he served pastor... Derivative while checking differentiability between “ the sin ” and “ sin ” and “ ”. Bury the physically dead people gamma distribution an answer to biblical hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and site. Respective to these verbs and tenses, the first two events are swapped κατὰ á¼€Î½Î¸ÏÏŽÏ€Î¿Ï Ï‚ σαρκὶ ζῶσι δὲ θεὸν!

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